Farm Bill 2020: Meaning of Kisan Bill, Pros and Cons

Agriculture, Farm Bill 2020, Department of Agriculture, Agriculture News, Farm Loans, Agriculture Bills, Agriculture Ordinance Bill 2020, Farm Bill: As we can see, there are many confusions day after the Parliament announced the three agriculture bills. Let’s inform you all that the name of all three reported statements is as follows:

  • Farmers (Facilitation and Promotion) Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, 2020
  • Farmer’s ( Protection and Empowerment) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020
  • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Agriculture Bills

Those mentioned above are the government bills which are for the farmers of our country. As we can see last few days, a huge cry and tinge are going on between farmers. In between the very high-level protest from the opposition party, Rajya Sabha announces to pass two bills out of three. But on the other side, Kanpur and Maharashtra state farmers have ready to accept this new Farm Bill 2020 as we know that there is a vast confusion between all common public and farmers. Here in this article, we will describe all advantages and disadvantages of this Farm Bill, the meaning of Agriculture Ordinance Bill 2020, and much other information related to the Agriculture Farm Bill 2020. Anyone who wants to know about the Farm Bill 2020 should read this article very carefully.


Agriculture Ordinance Bill 2020

As the Lok Sabha passes two Agriculture Farm bill with the help of a voice note (two bills are Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce [Facilitation & Promotion] Bill 2020, Farmer’s Agreement of Price assurance and Farm Services [Empowerment and Protection] Bill 2020. Still, Essential Commodities Bill (Amendment) has announced before this coming week. Recently, the Minister of Agriculture (Narendra Singh Tomar) has announced that the forthcoming farmer bills were not going to supersede the mechanism of Minimum Support Price and provide ownership of land protection to defend all farmer interest. This announcement will become a law after it passed on Upper house.

Farm Bill


Agriculture Farm Bill for?

As we know, the government has made this bill for the benefit of all farmers. They started this bill to increase the growth in all sectors such as investment in public and private sectors to build infrastructure, Global and national markets, and supply chains for farm production. The government has tried to help out all small scale farmers who did not know the procedure to bargain crop products to get a better price and not have all means to invest in the technology for the growth of farm crops. This bill tells all farmers that they would have the right to sell all of their crops out of APMC (mandis) to the place wherever they want to sell. From this rule, every farmer should get reasonable prices with the help of competition & cut all Transportation costs. So, basically, through this agriculture bill, all state would lose their mandi fees and commissions. Every contract farming allows all farmers to work on a contract basis or any large retailers on previously agreed crop prices. In this Essential Commodities [Amendment] Bill 2020 has tried to remove all essential commodities such as pulses, oilseeds, cereals, onion, edible oils, and potatoes. It makes an end of all limits of stock-holding below the extraordinary circumstances.


Protesting People

As we can see after the Lok Sabha pass this Farmer Bill, every Punjab state farmers have started protesting against the rules & regulations of government. They started protesting three-day. Badal has announced their resignation as they are with the farmers. Against parties such as Congress, TMC, BSP, DMK, has antagonistic the agriculture reform bills, told that they are against all small & marginal Farmer’s interests. 

In the Government of Modi, Harsimrat Kaur Badal (Food Processing Industries Minister, SAD representative) has recently resigned Union Cabinet, as protesting opposed the agriculture bills as these Farm Bill will be damage the Punjab state Agriculture Sector.


Meaning of Three Bill

As we can see, that after the declaration of the first two bills passed from Rajya Sabha, farmer organization and opposition MPs have started protesting against these announced Bills. There are around nearby 200 groups of farmers who are doing protesting against these Bills. So, let’s understand what the meaning of these Bills is?

Agriculture News

  • Farmers (Facilitation and Promotion) Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, 2020

In this type of Bill, it acknowledges all farmers in buying or selling their crops in places rather than Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC)- Mandis (government market). It admits the system of electronic trading. 

  • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020

In this type of Bill, it is essentially far with the stock imposition limit below some exceptional situations. In this, the government power has to supply all food commodities, stock limits, storage, etc. are all removed.

  • Farmer’s ( Protection and Empowerment) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020

In this type of Bill, it provides an agreement of farming before the production of any crop products. As this is the Price Assurance bill to fix the price of every crop, it now does not follow the procedure of fixation of price.


Pros and Cons of Agriculture Farm Bill 2020

Here we will discuss all pros and cons of this Farm Bill 2020. All who are interested to know more about the advantages and disadvantages of this Agriculture Farm Bill 2020 should read given below steps:

Pros

  • According to the government rules & regulations, this Bill would increase the income of a farmer in the agriculture sector.
  • This Bill doubles the income of Farmer’s by the year 2022; along with this, the Kendriya Government has made sure that Farmer would become independent from all government under controlled marketers. They will decide on their crop price.
  • The government has made sure that Bills started to make a system for all farmers as well as traders to sell their crops outside Mandis. 
  • It also strengthens intra-state trade, and this tends to decrease the price of transportation.
  • This new Farm Bill’s main aim is to enable all Farmer’s to enlist with several retailers, exporters, agri-business for the sale and service of crops.
  • The main government aim from this Bill is to take advantage of all marginal as well as small scale farmers with only very low or low than five hectares of land.
  • This Bill will replace all essential commodities, namely cereals, pulses, and started to attract FDI.

Cons

  • According to the Farmer’s, they are afraid of crop Minimum Support Price [MSP], and along with this, they worried towards the hand of all agri-business & big retailers.
  • Farmer’s feel that it takes them towards disadvantage. From the perception of Farmer’s, all bigger companies may announce the price of crop and benefit. It may decrease the sponsor’s engagement process. 
  • Farmers are worried about their interest as it will not be secured outside the mandi, as the MSP system works in all regulated mandis, not with any private company.
  • Farmer’s are worried about the trade fees.

So, these pros and cons are different from one person or Farmer to another farmer or person as every person has their own perspectives. After study various pros and cons, we will be given here a conclusion of opposing or supporting the Farm Bill 2020.

I hope you will understand this article very well and are ready to take advantage of it. Suppose you face any problems related to the advantages and disadvantages of this Farm Bill, the meaning of Agriculture Ordinance Bill 2020, and many other information related to the Agriculture Farm Bill 2020. In that case, you may ask your queries in the given comment box.


Frequently Asked Questions


Name all three Bill Amendments?

The three Bill Amendments are 

  • Farmer’s ( Protection and Empowerment) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020
  • Farmers (Facilitation and Promotion) Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, 2020
  • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020


Why are the Organization of Farmers against the Farm Bill 2020?

All Farmer’s are worried and afraid of crop Minimum Support Price [MSP], and along with this, they worried towards the hand of all agri-business & big retailers. They thought their land would handover to the big companies or corporations.


Which Amendment Bill would yet to be get passed through the Rajya Sabha? 

Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020, has yet to be passed through the Rajya Sabha.

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